State And Local Government Information

As states and local jurisdictions have begun to reopen, PHTA has put together reopening resources, which include guidance for public aquatic facilities to consider as well as retailers. In addition, PHTA is updating where state and localities stand on the reopening of pools, that list and all reopening resources can be found here.

COVID Liability Issues
PHTA is closely monitoring legislation at the state and federal levels that may impact COVID liability exposure for your business. A list of pending and enacted legislation can be found here.

Essential Worker Designation
The following information was compiled to provide tools and information on how to advocate that our industry be considered essential during Shelter In Place Orders. In addition, State Orders related to essential worker classification is provided below.

Many states and local jurisdictions have or are in the process of issuing directives affecting employers and various business establishments. The information below is intended as a general guide to Executive Orders of certain states. The information is by no means complete or up to the moment, as it is impossible to keep abreast of edicts from 50 states and hundreds of counties or cities.

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By accessing this information you are agreeing that 1) the information does NOT constitute legal advice, 2) that neither PHTA nor its employees, retained professionals or volunteer members are liable in any way for any inaccuracies or errors in this information, or for any damages allegedly incurred as a result of any claimed reliance on this information.

ALL MEMBERS ARE ADVISED TO SEEK THEIR OWN LEGAL COUNSEL AND/OR SPECIFIC GUIDANCE FROM THE APPROPRIATE GOVERNMENT AUTHORITY.

 

Frequently Asked Questions

2020 State and Local Government Responses to COVID-19

STEP ONE
To determine if your company already qualifies as exempt in your jurisdiction, access any government directive and/or guidance being issued by your jurisdiction.

PHTA is working to compile this information on our website and encourage you to share any information you learn with our Government Relations team.

STEP TWO
Find those officials in your state who are making decisions on who is considered essential versus non-essential. These decision-makers may differ across the country, but can include your:

  • Governor’s office
  • Lieutenant Governor’s Office
  • Leaders in the legislature –
  • State or Local Health Officials
  • Mayor or other City/County Officials

You can also contact PHTA directly for assistance in targeting the correct officials.

STEP THREE
Provide those officials with both this memo and the U.S. Department of Homeland Security document and consider using this suggested template letter for your requests to your elected officials. Additionally, if there is an opportunity to request a designation by your jurisdiction via online portal or any other electronic means we suggest using the template letter (portal links that are available can be found under each State Order dropdown).

STEP FOUR
State and local officials and agency staff are inundated by calls and emails from their constituents, and many offices are finding it impossible to respond to all of them during this time.

If you have a relationship with anyone in government - either elected officials or agency staff - PHTA urges you to leverage those relationships and ask for direction and assistance. We've also created talking points that you can use to inform your lawmakers about the value of our industry. Leverage the PUBLIC HEALTH and SAFETY aspects of the work that we do.

Further, if you are in a state where PHTA or other pool and hot tub industry groups have direct lobbying representation, we urge you to work through them.

With the number of reported infections increasing, states have begun issuing orders restricting various activities to mitigate against further spread of the Coronavirus. While each state (and in some cases each county or city) decree must be reviewed by the affected business for its specific prohibitions and exclusions, there are some similarities and patterns worth noting.

First, most states by now have mandated some restrictions on public gatherings, including banning all gatherings over a certain number of people, closing bars, closing or restricting the number of patrons in eating establishments, closing parks, water parks, public beaches, spas, gyms, etc. These orders, as well as the more restrictive orders discussed below, are invariably issued by the Governor’s office.

In addition, a number of states have now issued what is often referred to as “Stay at Home” Orders or the equivalent. These orders typically address:

  1. Workplaces
  2. Retail establishments

Some orders address one or the other. Most address both. In each category, however, the orders identify a number of exemptions or exclusions for what is determined to be “essential” businesses or services.

While those exclusions are usually listed in the order itself, in some cases, this task has been left to the applicable state agency, which may be the Department of Health (OH), the Office of Economic Development (NY), etc.

Other states, such as CA, simply refer to the United States Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency (CISA) Memorandum on Identification of Essential Critical Infrastructure Workers During Covid-19 Response.

PHTA has provided a copy of this memorandum in previous communications to our members that highlight key provisions under which we believe segments of our industry may fall.

To provide guidance and help you and your company navigate COVID-19, make sure to visit our Coronavirus webpage.

If you have any questions, please reach out to phta@phta.org.

While the list of exclusions does vary, there are some patterns worth noting.

FIRST
Most Orders exclude construction work, as well as skilled trades, such as electrical and plumbing. (NOTE: In some states, pool contractors are licensed under “plumbing.”)

SECOND
Most Orders contain exceptions for maintenance and sanitization of residences, as well as business facilities that are allowed to remain open.

As explained in our memo for Elected Officials, “The pool and hot tub industry professionals are responding to the dynamic situation and aggressively moving to ensure that the business of maintaining clean, safe and healthy recreational bodies of water does not enable the spread of COVID-19 or waterborne pathogens such as Pseudomonas, Cryptosporidium, E. Coli, Shigella, etc. as well as ancillary diseases (Zika Virus, West Nile Virus, etc.).

We firmly believe the companies that supply pool sanitization and disinfection materials (through manufacturing, distribution or retail stores), the companies that manage the maintenance of swimming pools, hot tubs and other artificial bodies of water and the companies currently constructing inground pools and spas are essential to preventing the transmission of infectious diseases, helping maintain community health, and ensuring public safety.

These efforts will avoid creating additional vectors for the spread of this virus and/or other complicating diseases which might compound the challenges currently facing our health care infrastructure.”

THIRD
Some states specifically exempt chemical manufacturing.

FOURTH
A number of states exempt distribution and warehousing.

FIFTH
Where retail closures have been ordered, exemptions have often been established for “hardware” and/or “home improvement,” as well as for retail necessary to support other essential infrastructure or services, such as sanitization, or contractors.

At PHTA we are working tirelessly to keep up with the rapidly changing landscape. Here is a useful link summarizing recent state activity. We are also providing brief summaries for some of the more populous and aggressive states to date. This document will be updated periodically, and we will tell you when it was last updated.

 

We cannot, however, provide you with legal advice. Please consult your own attorney, who will be more familiar with your specific business and jurisdictions. You can also contact the applicable agencies for more information or clarification. Several states have already established a link/portal to request designation or information. Take advantage of those as much as possible.

View State Exclusion Chart

State Orders  

As of June 9, 2020 | 11:30 AM

The EO is broad and appears to cover all segments of the pool & hot tub industry as falling under categories to be considered an essential business: maintenance/service, retail, distribution, construction, and manufacturing. The EO with highlighted provisions and comments can be found here:

EO with highlighted provisions and comments

Alaska State Documentation

Relevant exceptions include:

  • Construction
  • stores that sell groceries and sell other non-grocery products, and products necessary to maintaining the safety, sanitation, and essential operation of residences;Hardware stores; Plumbers, electricians, exterminators, and other service providers who provide services that are necessary to maintaining the safety, sanitation, and essential operation of residences and critical infrastructure.
  • Businesses that supply other essential businesses with the support or supplies necessary to operate;
  • Businesses engaged in the retail sale of food, household consumer products, delivery of fuel, or other services directly to residences or other critical industries outlined in this health mandate.

Arizona State Documentation

Non-essential businesses can continue to operate activities that do not require on site or in person transactions.

Essential services include:

  • Construction (including, but not limited to, construction required in response to this public health emergency, hospital construction, construction of long-term care facilities, public works construction, and housing construction);
  • Stores…that sell other non-grocery products, and products necessary to maintaining the safety, sanitation, and essential operation of residences and Essential Businesses and Operations;
  • Hardware and supply stores. Hardware stores and businesses that sell electrical, plumbing, and heating material;
  • Critical trades. Building and Construction Tradesmen and Tradeswomen, and other trades including but not limited to plumbers, electricians, exterminators, cleaning and janitorial staff for commercial and governmental properties, security staff, operating engineers, HVAC, painting, moving and relocation services, and other service providers who provide services that are necessary to maintaining the safety, sanitation, and essential operation
  • Businesses that sell, manufacture, or supply other Essential Businesses and Operations with the support or materials necessary to operate, including …..sanitary equipment; personal hygiene products; ….chemicals, soaps and detergent…
  • Manufacture, distribution, and supply chain for critical products and industries. Manufacturing companies, distributors, and supply chain companies producing and supplying essential products and services in and for industries such as ….chemicals and sanitization, …..energy, ……as well as products used by other Essential Businesses and Operations.

California State Documentation

California references the U.S. CISA guidance as it relates to critical provisions applicable to the pool and spa industry by the:

  • PUBLIC WORKS: “Workers such as plumbers, electricians, exterminators, and other service providers who provide services that are necessary to maintaining the safety, sanitation, and essential operation of residences.”
  • PUBLIC HEALTH: “Manufacturers....warehouse operators, and distributors of...cleaning, sanitizing, disinfecting or sterilization supplies...”
  • WATER AND WASTERWATER: “Chemical disinfectant suppliers for...personnel protection.”
  • CRITICAL MANUFACTURING: “Workers necessary for the manufacturing of materials and products needed for...chemical manufacturing...”
  • CHEMICAL:
    • “Workers supporting the chemical supply chains...including workers at chemical manufacturing plants...workers at distribution facilities...”
    • “Workers who support the production and transportation of chlorine...and prevents the contamination...of water.”

California and many county orders also provide clear language that construction workers who support the construction, operation, inspection, and maintenance of construction sites and construction projects (including housing construction) are essential.

Relevant Exemptions Include

  1. Critical Infrastructure, Including:
    • Any business that produces products critical or incidental to the construction or operation of the categories of products included in this subsection
  1. Critical Manufacturing, Including:
    • Chemicals
    • Sanitary products
    • Any business that produces products critical or incidental to the processing, functioning, development, manufacture, packaging, or delivery of any of the categories of products included in this subsection
    • Any manufacturing necessary to support a Critical Business
  1. Critical Retail, Including:
    • Hardware, farm supply, and building material stores
    • Establishments engaged in the retail sale of food and any other household consumer products (such as cleaning and personal care products)
  1. Critical Services, Including:
    • Warehouse/distribution and fulfillment, including freight distributors
    • Building cleaning and maintenance
  1. Construction, Including:
    • Housing and housing for low-income and vulnerable people
    • Skilled trades such as electricians, plumbers
    • Other related firms and professionals for who provide services necessary to maintain the safety, sanitation, and critical operation of residences, and other essential services
  1. Critical Services Necessary to Maintain the Safety, Sanitation and Critical Operations of Residences or Other Critical Businesses, Including:
    • Building cleaners or janitors
    • General maintenance whether employed by the entity directly or a vendor
    • Disinfection

Connecticut State Documentation

The order directs all non-essential businesses and not-for-profit entities in Connecticut to prohibit all in-person functions if they are able to, effective Monday, March 23, 2020 at 8 p.m. The governor is encouraging all businesses to employ, to the maximum extent possible, any telecommuting or work-from-home procedures that they can safely implement.

Connecticut appears to be following the federal (US CISA memo) guidance. View the Overview of the State Order. Below is a list of potentially relevant exemptions for essential businesses. Note that pool service and maintenance and construction are specifically exempt.

1. Essential workers in the 16 Critical Infrastructure Sectors, as defined by the federal Department of Homeland Security unless otherwise addressed in a prior or future executive order pertaining to the existing declared public health and civil preparedness emergency.

4. All manufacturing and corresponding supply chains, including aerospace, agriculture, and related support businesses

5. Retail including:

  • appliances, electronics, computers, and telecom equipment
  • big-box stores or wholesale clubs, provided they also sell groceries, consumer health products, or operate a pharmacy
  • convenience stores
  • gas stations
  • grocery stores including all food and beverage retailers
  • guns and ammunition
  • hardware, paint, and building material stores, including home appliance sales/repair
  • liquor/package stores and manufacturer permittees
  • pharmacies
  • pet and pet supply stores

7. Services including:

  • accounting and payroll services
  • animal shelters or animal care or management, including boarding, grooming, pet walking and pet sitting
  • auto supply, repair, towing, and service, including roadside assistance
  • bicycle repair and service
  • building cleaning and maintenance
  • child care services
  • critical operations support for financial institutions
  • financial advisors
  • financial institutions, including banks, credit unions, and check cashing services
  • funeral homes, crematoriums, and cemeteries
  • insurance companies
  • laundromats/dry cleaning
  • legal and accounting services
  • mail and shipping services
  • marinas and marine repair and service
  • news and media
  • real estate transactions and related services, including residential leasing and renting
  • religious services (subject to Executive Order 7D limiting gatherings to 50 people)
  • storage for Essential Businesses
  • trash and recycling collection, hauling, and processing
  • warehouse/distribution, shipping, and fulfillment

9. Construction including:

  • all skilled trades such as electricians, HVAC, and plumbers
  • general construction, both commercial and residential
  • other related construction firms and professionals for essential infrastructure or for emergency repair and safety purposes
  • planning, engineering, design, bridge inspection, and other construction support activities

10. Services necessary to maintain the safety, sanitation and essential operations of all residences and other buildings (including services necessary to secure and maintain non-essential workplaces):

  • building cleaners or janitors
  • building code enforcement
  • disinfection
  • doormen
  • emergency management and response
  • fire prevention and response
  • general maintenance whether employed by the entity directly or a vendor
  • home-related services, including real estate transactions, closings, appraisals, and moving services
  • landscaping services
  • law enforcement
  • outdoor maintenance, including pool service!!
  • pest control services
  • security and maintenance, including steps reasonably necessary to secure and maintain non-essential businesses
  • state marshals 

6/8/2020 5:30 PM (ET)

Delaware's Reopening: Phase II
Delaware State Documentation

Governor John Carney on Tuesday announced that Phase 2 of Delaware’s economic reopening will begin at 8:00 a.m. on Monday, June 15.

Retail establishments, restaurants and other businesses that were permitted to open at 30 percent of stated fire capacity in Phase 1 may expand to 60 percent of stated fire occupancy in Phase 2.

Relevant examples of essential businesses include:

  • Contracting, including residential construction.
  • Virtually all manufacturing
  • Personal and household repair
  • General trucking
  • Architectural and engineering

View a list of FAQs.

5/14/2020 3:15 PM (ET)

D.C. Documentation

May 13: Mayor Muriel Bowser has extended D.C.'s stay-at-home order for an additional three weeks until June 8. All non-essential businesses have been ordered to close through June 8. Originally, the order was set to expire on May 15. Bowser said that infections have not declined enough to start officially reopening the capital, although new cases in the District have declined over the last four days.

Currently D.C. you can:

  • Engage in essential activities, including obtaining medical care that cannot be provided through telehealth and obtaining food and essential household goods.
  • Work at essential businesses.
  • Engage in essential travel.
  • Going to the grocery store to buy groceries or supplies for you and/or your household.
  • Engaging in activities that are essential for your health and safety of one's self, family, household members, among other things.
  • Engage in allowable recreational activities, as defined by the mayor's order, such as walking, hiking, dog walking, biking, rollerblading, scootering, skateboarding, playing tennis, golfing, gardening, and other activities.

Relevant exceptions include:

  • Construction trades such as electricians. Plumbers, carpenters
  • Distributors for construction materials
  • Other businesses that provide services necessary for the safety and sanitation of residences and other essential businesses

5/22/2020 2:25 PM (ET)

Executive Order 20-112
Phase 1 FAQs for E.O. 20-112
Florida State Documentation

Relevant exemptions include: 

  • All activities identified by CISA 2.0, including
    • contractors, builders, plumbers, electricians and landscapers and other services necessary to maintaining …safety and sanitation... of residences,
    • Workers who produce or manufacture parts or equipment that supports continued operations for any essential services
    • Workers who support the supply chain of building materials from production through application/installation, including cabinetry, fixtures, doors, cement, hardware, plumbing, electrical, heating/cooling, refrigeration, appliances, paint/coatings, and employees who provide services that enable repair materials and equipment for essential functions.
    • Workers supporting ecommerce through distribution, warehouse, call center facilities, and other essential operational support functions.
    • Workers in hardware and building materials stores, consumer electronics, technology and appliances retail, and related merchant wholesalers and distributors - with reduced staff to ensure continued operations.
    • Workers distributing, servicing, repairing, installing residential and commercial HVAC systems, boilers, furnaces and other heating, cooling, refrigeration, and ventilation equipment.

No current statewide order applicable to the industry; however, the GA Department of Economic Development has been asked to track the ‘exclusion’ requests in case there is a mandated shutdown.

Companies are being asked:

Location (address if an individual company, ’statewide’ if a trade organization

Type of Industry

Point of Contact (name, phone, email)

Reasons for exclusion request 

There are 12 different GDEcD districts in GA. The contacts on this map are who our GA members should be emailing/contacting, using the guidelines above.

Hawaii State Documentation

Relevant exemptions include:

  • All businesses ad activities classified as essential by CISA (See California)
  • Hardware and supply stores. Hardware stores and businesses that sell electrical, plumbing, and heating material;
  • Critical trades. Building and Construction Tradesmen and Tradeswomen, and other trades including but not limited to plumbers, electricians, exterminators, cleaning and janitorial staff for commercial and governmental properties, security staff, operating engineers, HVAC, painting, moving and relocation services, and other service providers who provide services that are necessary to maintaining the safety, sanitation, and essential operation of residences, essential activities, and essential businesses and operations;
  • Supplies for essential businesses and operations. Businesses that sell, manufacture, or supply other essential businesses and operations with the support or materials necessary to operate, including computers, audio and video electronics, household appliances; IT and telecommunication equipment; hardware, paint, flat glass; electrical, plumbing and heating material; sanitary equipment; personal hygiene products; food, food additives, ingredients and components; medical and orthopedic equipment; optics and photography equipment; diagnostics, food and beverages, chemicals, soaps and detergent; and firearm and ammunition suppliers and retailers for purposes of safety and security;
  • Or as further designated by the Director of the Hawai?i Emergency Management Agency (HIEMA)

Idaho State Documentation

Relevant exemptions include

  1. Essential infrastructure, including:
    • Public works construction
    • Commercial construction
    • Construction of housing (in particular affordable housing or housing for individuals experiencing homelessness)
    1. Essential services and businesses, including: -
      • Plumbers
      • Electricians
      • Exterminators
      • Landscapers
      • Hardware stores
      • Other establishments engaged in the retail sale of canned food, dry goods, fresh fruits and vegetables, pet supply, fresh meats, fish, and poultry, liquor, beer, and wine and any other household consumer products (such as cleaning and personal care products). This includes stores that sell groceries and also sell other non-grocery products, and products necessary to maintaining the safety, sanitation, and essential operation of residences.
    1. Other essential services, including: -

      Businesses that supply other essential businesses with the support or supplies necessary to operate – Businesses

      5/19/2020 1:09 PM (ET)

      EXECUTIVE ORDER 2020-32
      Essential Businesses & Operations Frequently Asked Questions

      The Illinois Department of Commerce and Economic Opportunity has issued guidance for essential businesses on May 15.

      Non-Essential Retail: Non-essential retail stores may reopen to fulfill telephone and online orders through pickup outside the store and delivery.  Employees working in these stores must follow the Social Distancing Requirements and must wear a face covering when they are unable to keep six feet distance from another employee or a customer.

      Businesses and operations currently considered essential:

      • Essential Infrastructure: Food production, distribution and sale; construction, building management and maintenance, airports, utilities, distribution centers, transportation.
      • Supplies for essential businesses and operations
      • Hardware and supply stores
      • Manufacturing, distribution, and supply chain for critical products and industries
      • Critical trades: Plumbers, electricians, exterminators, cleaning and janitorial staff, security, etc.

      The FAQ above has requirements for essential retail stores, construction, manufacturing and others.

      Illinois State Documentation

      Section 1, Number 9 exempts:

      essential infrastructure, which includes construction, building management and waste, distribution centers. The term essential infrastructure is to be interpreted broadly.

      Section 1, Number 12 exempts:

      a.         “stores…that sell products necessary to maintaining the safety, sanitation, and essential operation of residences…..”

      j.          Hardware and home improvement

      k.         Critical trades including building and construction tradesmen and tradeswomen.

      Indiana State Documentation

      Effective March 24, 2020 at 11:59 p.m.

      Exempts

      Also specifically:

      • Hardware stores and stores that sell construction, electrical, plumbing and heating equipment
      • Building, construction and other trades…and other services necessary to maintaining the safety, sanitation and essential operation of residences.
      • Stores that sell products necessary to maintaining the safety, sanitation and essential operation of residences
      • Any business that sell, manufacture or supply materials to Essential Businesses

      Kansas State Documentation

      Relevant exemptions include

      • Housing construction
      • Plumbers, electricians…and other service providers necessary to maintaining …the safety and sanitation or residences and other essential businesses
      • Hardware stores
      • Businesses that supply other essential businesses

      Kentucky State Documentation

      Relevant exemptions include

      All non life sustaining retail closed

      Relevant exemptions

      Building materials and equipment

      Hardware

      Does not address contracting and construction.

      Louisiana State Documentation

      Louisiana offers the following provisions:

      • permits travel to and from work provided workplace is not ordered closed
      • contractors, retailers not ordered closed. (however, if in a mall, retail establishment must only permit access from outside).

      Maine State Documentation

      • All businesses deemed essential by CISA March 19 Guidelines (See California)

      5/14/2020 3:15 PM (ET)

      Back to Business: Safety Best Practices
      Maryland State Documentation

      May 13: Gov. Larry Hogan will lift Maryland's stay-at-home order at 5 p.m. on Friday. Montgomery and Prince George's counties will not reopen with the rest of the state due to higher coronavirus case counts.

      Hogan said the following businesses can begin to reopen at 50 percent capacity, with continued social distancing enforced and the wearing of masks strongly encouraged:

      • Clothing and shoe stores
      • Barbershops/ hair salons (by appointment only)
      • Pet groomers
      • Animal shelters
      • Manufacturing
      • Religious institutions (outdoor services encouraged, but indoor allowed at 50% capacity)
      • Art galleries
      • Car washes
      • Bookstores
      • Florists
      • Furniture stores
      • Jewelers
      • Lawn and garden stores
      • Pawnshops
      • Sporting goods stores
      • Tobacco and vape shops

      Maryland has provided Interpretative Guidance that follows the U.S. CISA Guidance (See discussion on California above). The Maryland guidance also specifically says:

      The list in #2 above is non-exhaustive. The fact that a particular business, organization, or facility is not included in the list does not mean it is excluded from the federal critical infrastructure sectors. Please consult https://www.cisa.gov/identifying-critical-infrastructure-during-covid-19 for additional guidance about what is and is not included in the federal critical infrastructure sectors 

      6/9/2020 11:15 AM (ET)

      Executive Order No. 35 (June 1)

      Retail Checklist

      MANDATORY SAFETY GUIDELINES

      RETAIL BUSINESS SPECIFIC SAFETY STANDARDS

      Massachusetts Order

      Road to Reopening Massachusetts

      Reopening Massachusetts PowerPoint

      June 9: Governor Charlie Baker issued an Order to outline the guidelines for Phase II of reopening MA. Phase II goes into effect June 9. This order allows businesses included within Phase II of re-opening to open their physical workplaces and facilities to workers for the purpose of preparing for a Phase-II re-opening. This allows retail stores specifically to move beyond the curbside pickup and on-line fulfillment to have open doors as long as protocols and guidelines are met. 

      This measure designates the following as Phase II businesses:

      • Retail stores including stores in enclosed shopping malls
      • Warehouses and distribution centers
      • Outdoor recreational facilities including pools and playgrounds
      • Professional sports practice and training programs
      • Hotels, motels, inns and other short-term lodging

      May 20: PHTA continues to monitor the phased reopening in Massachusetts, specifically with retail. Retail will be allowed via curbside fulfillment until Phase 2. Before businesses reopen, the Commonwealth is asking those prepared to reopen to sign a compliance checklist. As businesses prepare to resume operation, the Commonwealth has provided checklists for multiple sectors including:

      In addition, guidance has also been provided for:

      PHTA submitted a letter to Governor Baker on April 28. In the letter, we highlighted the need for pools to be maintained by industry professionals, which for the most part has been the case. However, in order to accomplish this, it is imperative products are available to do so, via industry retail stores.

      The letter explained that without proper pool and hot tub maintenance (which includes circulation and treatment of water) various pathogens can grow, such as Pseudomonas, Cryptosporidium, E. Coli, Shigella, etc. It can also create a breeding ground for mosquitoes, other pests and the diseases (West Nile Virus and Zika Virus) they may carry, which presents a risk not only to bathers but to the entire community at large.

      Additionally, the Governor has requested the Legislature take steps to ensure the Commonwealth is prepared to respond and work to prevent another spike in Eastern Equine Encephalitis – this mosquito-borne virus was a challenge for Massachusetts last year. The state’s EEE website specifically notes “Keep swimming pools clean and properly chlorinated; remove standing water from pool covers.” In order to accomplish this, it is imperative the products are available to do so, via industry retail stores.

      *Note the Mass Order that was updated on March 31 reflects CISA 2.0 with Mass amendments.

      What follows are provisions from the Order as well as relevant FAQs listed on the Mass website:

      Chemical

      • Workers supporting the chemical and industrial gas supply chains, including workers at chemical manufacturing plants, workers in laboratories, workers at distribution facilities, workers who transport basic raw chemical materials to the producers of industrial and consumer goods, including hand sanitizers, food and food additives, pharmaceuticals, paintings and coatings, textiles, building materials, plumbing, electrical, and paper products.
      • Workers supporting the safe transportation of chemicals, including those supporting tank truck cleaning facilities and workers who manufacture packaging items.
      • Workers supporting the production of protective cleaning and medical solutions, personal protective equipment, disinfectants, fragrances, and packaging that prevents the contamination of food, water, medicine, among others essential.
      • Workers supporting the operation and maintenance of facilities (particularly those with high risk chemicals and/ or sites that cannot be shut down) whose work cannot be done remotely and requires the presence of highly trained personnel to ensure safe operations, including plant contract workers who provide inspections.
      • Workers who support the production and transportation of chlorine and alkali manufacturing, single-use plastics, and packaging that prevents the contamination or supports the continued manufacture of food, water, medicine, and other essential products, including glass container manufacturing.

      Chemical FAQ

      • If swimming pools are closed, are companies who provide sanitation services still allowed to stay open? NO only the sanitation services included on the list are essential *Interpreted to mean if the pool is open, then the pool needs to be maintained. It would call into question the need to maintain a pool that is not yet open.

      Construction-Related Activities

      • Workers such as plumbers, electricians, exterminators, builders, contractors, HVAC Technicians, landscapers, inspectors and other service providers who provide services that are necessary to maintaining the safety, sanitation, and essential operation of residences, businesses and buildings such as hospitals, health care facilities, senior living facilities, and any temporary construction required to support COVID-19 response.
      • Workers – including contracted vendors - who support the operation, inspection, maintenance and repair of essential public works facilities and operations, including roads and bridges, water and sewer, laboratories, fleet maintenance personnel, construction of critical or strategic infrastructure, traffic signal maintenance, emergency location services for buried utilities, and maintenance of digital systems infrastructure supporting public works operations. Critical or strategic infrastructure includes public works construction including construction of public schools, colleges and universities and construction of state facilities, including leased space, managed by the Division of Capital Asset Management; airport operations; water and sewer; gas, electrical, nuclear, oil refining and other critical energy services; roads and highways; public transportation; steam; solid waste and recycling collection and removal; and internet and telecommunications systems (including the provision of essential global, national, and local infrastructure for computing services)
      • Workers who support infrastructure, such as by road and line clearing and utility relocation, to ensure the availability of and access to needed facilities, transportation, energy and communications.
      • Workers performing housing construction related activities, including construction of mixed-use projects that include housing, to ensure additional units can be made available to combat the Commonwealth’s existing housing supply shortage.
      • Workers supporting the construction of housing, including those supporting government functions related to the building and development process, such as inspections, permitting and plan review services that can be modified to protect the public health, including allowing qualified private third-party inspections accountable to government agencies).

      Construction-Related Activities FAQS

      • Is construction work considered essential? IT DEPENDS. Construction generally is allowed to continue if it is essential infrastructure or is related to essential products, services and supply chain in COVID-19 relief efforts. Work may also proceed if it is needed for the operation or maintenance of an existing building, is expressly permitted within the exemption for a specific essential industry, or involves the production of new housing units. See the list for more specific guidance. All construction sites should incorporate protocols to ensure safe social distancing of workers.
      • Are we including all inspection services (e.g. fire systems, home code inspections etc. as essential?) YES
      • Can businesses that don’t operate out of a bricks-and-mortar location continue to operate? YES with social distancing.
        • If the service a business provides is not on the essential services list, that business must cease all in-person activities at its bricks-and-mortar facilities. These non-essential businesses are encouraged to work remotely. Businesses that do work remotely, whether as part of their normal activities or as a result of this order, must maintain social distancing requirements: six feet of separation between all employees, and between employees and members of the public.
      • Is landscaping an essential service? YES if providing services that are necessary to maintaining the safety, sanitation, and essential operation of residences, businesses and certain other buildings (see list for full details)
      • Is non-emergency tree removal considered an essential service? NO but you may be able to continue operating (see below).
        • If the service a business provides is not on the essential services list, that business must cease all in-person activities at its bricks-and-mortar facilities. These non-essential businesses are encouraged to work remotely. Businesses that do work remotely, whether as part of their normal activities or as a result of this order, must maintain social distancing requirements: six feet of separation between all employees, and between employees and members of the public.
      • Are municipal public works employees covered under public works? YES
      • Are electrical contractors essential? YES
      • Can construction on public housing still continue? YES
      • Are public works contractors still allowed to operate for emergency calls? YES
      • Is pest control considered essential? YES
      • Are all plumbers covered? YES
      • Is there a COVID19 safe job site protocols for construction workers? State construction safety protocols can be found here; all construction sites are urged to follow these guidelines.

      Other FAQS

      • Can retail stores do curbside pick-up? NO

      May 1 Updated State Order EO 2020-70

      April 24 Governor's Press Release

      April 24 Executive Order

      PHTA Letter to Speaker Chatfield

      PHTA Michigan Position Statement

      Michigan Updated State Order

      On Friday, May 1, the Governor signed three more executive orders, this included EO 2020-70, which extends the Stay-At-Home order through May 15. However, this new order provides for the reopening of certain types of work that are typically outdoors and are considered low risk for spreading the virus. This includes residential and commercial construction, which can resume May 7. Governor Whitmer has issued the following guidance that must be followed in order to operate:

      Under the order, construction sites must adopt a set of best practices to protect their workers from infection. Those practices include:

      • Designating a site supervisor to enforce COVID-19 control strategies.
      • Conducting daily health screenings for workers.
      • Creating dedicated entry points, if possible, or issuing stickers or other indicators to assure that all workers are screened every day.
      • Identifying choke points and high-risk areas (like hallways, hoists and elevators, break areas, water stations, and buses) and controlling them to enable social distancing.
      • Ensuring sufficient hand-washing or hand-sanitizing stations at the worksite.

      As reported last week, the Governor’s previous order added in provisions that provided clarity that our service and maintenance industry, as well as retail, could get back to work, following certain guidance. This latest order, not only provides for the opening of the construction segment of our industry, but also adds additional language that states:

      Effective at 12:01 am on May 7, 2020, and subject to the enhanced social-distancing rules described in section 11(h) of this order, workers who perform work that is traditionally and primarily performed outdoors, including but not limited to forestry workers, outdoor power equipment technicians, parking enforcement workers, and similar workers.

      It should be noted that this provision provides further backing for our service/maintenance pool and hot tub professionals.

      On April 24, 2020 Governor Whitmer issued a press release and a new Order (2020-59) that extended Michigan’s “Stay Home, Stay Safe” order through May 15. The new Order lifted some restrictions on outdoor activities and allows some workers who previously were not allowed to work, to resume activities. This order took effect immediately. This is great news for our retail and service segments, as we believe this new Order provides opportunities for these segments to get back to work, subject to the strict social distancing requirements.

      Specifically, Section 10 (A & D) of the Order permits resumption of activity by:

      1. Workers who process or fulfill remote orders for goods for delivery or curbside pick-up.
      1. Maintenance workers and groundskeepers who are necessary to maintain the safety and sanitation of places of outdoor recreation not otherwise closed under Executive Order 2020-43 or any order that may follow from it, provided that the places and their workers do not provide goods, equipment, supplies, or services to individuals, and subject to the enhanced social-distancing rules described in section 11(h) of this order.

      In addition, as a result of the tireless efforts of PHTA, our Michigan Chapter and many individual members, we were able to obtain the following clarification from the Governor’s office in direct response to an inquiry concerning the service and maintenance of pools and tot tubs. “Pursuant to Executive Order 2020-42 the business is considered essential “If the work is necessary to maintaining the safety, sanitation, and essential operation of residences.”

      The letter can be downloaded here

      PHTA believes that the revised Order and clarification will:

      1. Allow retail stores to operate via delivery or curbside pick-up
      2. Permit service companies to resume maintenance (and opening) of pools and hot tubs

      All businesses must adhere Section 11(h) of the new Order, which provides:

      1. For businesses and operations whose in-person work is permitted under sections 10(c) through 10(e) of this order, the following additional measures must also be taken: 
      1. Barring gatherings of any size in which people cannot maintain six feet of distance from one another.
      2. Limiting in-person interaction with clients and patrons to the maximum extent possible, and barring any such interaction in which people cannot maintain six feet of distance from one another.
      3. Providing personal protective equipment such as gloves, goggles, face shields, and face masks as appropriate for the activity being performed.
      4. Adopting protocols to limit the sharing of tools and equipment to the maximum extent possible and to ensure frequent and thorough cleaning of tools, equipment, and frequently touched surfaces.

      In addition, the new Order requires, as of April 26, 2020 at 11:59 pm that “All businesses and operations whose workers perform in-person work must, at a minimum, provide non-medical grade face coverings to their workers.”

      PHTA recommends that its members download a copy of the new Order and Press Release, as well as this letter, to have at their place of business and in their trucks.

      On April 26, Attorney General Dana Nessel issued a press release addressing the shortage of face masks/covering that businesses need to resume operation and comply with the Governor’s Order. She is requesting law enforcement officials throughout the state to consider the “good faith efforts of businesses that have tried, but have been unsuccessful in obtaining appropriate face coverings…”

        Minnesota State Documentation

        • Public Works, Manufacturing and Chemical as defined by CISA (See California)
        • Construction materials and workers necessary to maintain construction material sources for essential businesses.
        Relevant exemptions include:
        • Businesses listed as essential by CISA (see California)
        • Construction, including Building and construction tradesmen and tradeswomen
        • Home improvement, hardware, building material, and building supply retailers;
        • Plumbers, electricians…and other service providers necessary to maintaining …the safety and sanitation or residences and other essential businesses
        • Manufacturers, suppliers and transporters of hardware, plumbing, ware, paint, electrical, chemicals, soaps and detergents
        • Manufacture, distribution and supply chain for chemicals and sanitation.

        Mississippi State Documentation
        Executive Order No. 1463

        Mississippi provides language that would cover all our industry segments: maintenance/service, retail, distribution, construction, and manufacturing. They do this by providing their own list of essential businesses and also citing the US CISA guidance.

        The EO provides the CISA guidance for what qualifies as essential businesses, which PHTA believes covers our industry segments: maintenance/service, retail, distribution, construction, and manufacturing. In addition, the order allows for businesses that do not qualify as an essential business under the CISA guidance to stay open as long as they comply with the social gathering and social distancing requirements of the Order.

        https://governor.mo.gov/stay-home-missouri-order-guidance-and-frequently-asked-questions

        Montana State Documentation

        Relevant exemptions include

        • Construction (including, but not limited to, construction required in response to this public health emergency, hospital construction, construction of long-term care facilities, public works construction, and housing construction)
        • Stores…that sell other non-grocery products, and products necessary to maintaining the safety, sanitation, and essential operation of residences and Essential Businesses and Operations
        • Hardware and supply stores. Hardware stores and businesses that sell electrical, plumbing, and heating material;
        • Critical trades. Building and Construction Tradesmen and Tradeswomen, and other trades including but not limited to plumbers, electricians, exterminators, cleaning and janitorial staff for commercial and governmental properties, security staff, operating engineers, HVAC, painting, moving and relocation services, and other service providers who provide services that are necessary to maintaining the safety, sanitation, and essential operation
        • Businesses that sell, manufacture, or supply other Essential Businesses and Operations with the support or materials necessary to operate, including …..sanitary equipment; personal hygiene products; ….chemicals, soaps and detergent…
        • Manufacture, distribution, and supply chain for critical products and industries. Manufacturing companies, distributors, and supply chain companies producing and supplying essential products and services in and for industries such as ….chemicals and sanitization, …..energy, ……as well as products used by other Essential Businesses and Operations.

        New Hampshire State Documentation

        Relevant exemptions include

        • Commercial and residential landscaping services, including golf courses.
        • Employees of companies engaged in the production of chemicals, medicines, vaccines, and other substances used by the food and agriculture industry, including pesticides, herbicides, fertilizers, minerals, enrichments, and other agricultural production aids
          • Workers such as plumbers, electricians, exterminators, inspectors and other service providers who provide services that are necessary to maintaining the safety, sanitation, and essential operation of residences, construction sites and projects, and needed facilities
          • Residential and commercial janitorial and cleaning services
          • Construction Workers who support the construction, operation, inspection, and maintenance of construction sites and construction projects (including housing construction)
          • Commercial retail stores that supply essential sectors, including convenience stores, pet supply stores, auto supplies and repair, hardware and home improvement, and home appliance retailers
          • Manufacturing companies, distributors, and supply chain companies producing and supplying materials and products for industries that include, but are not limited to, pharmaceutical, technology, biotechnology, healthcare, chemicals and sanitization, waste pickup and disposal, agriculture, food and beverage, transportation, energy, steel and steel products, petroleum and fuel, construction, gun and related products (including associated retail), operations of dams, water and wastewater treatment, national defense, communications, as well as products used by other essential businesses and operations
          • Workers supporting the chemical and industrial gas supply chains, including workers at chemical manufacturing plants, workers in laboratories, workers at distribution facilities, workers who transport basic raw chemical materials to the producers of industrial and consumer goods, including hand sanitizers, food and food additives, pharmaceuticals, textiles, and paper products.
          • Workers supporting the safe transportation of chemicals, including those supporting tank truck cleaning facilities and workers who manufacture packaging items

        New Jersey Executive Order 142

        On May 13, Governor Murphy signed Executive Order 142 which goes into effect 6:00 AM on Monday, May 18, 2020. The Order states:

        • Allow the restart of non-essential construction
        • Allow non-essential retail stores to reopen for curbside pickup only
        • Permit drive-through and drive-in events under social distancing guidelines

        Non-Essential Construction: All construction projects must abide by the social distancing, safety, and sanitization requirements that are described in detail in the Governor's Executive Order:

        • Prohibit non-essential visitors from entering the worksite;
        • Engage in appropriate social distancing measures when picking up or delivering equipment or materials;
        • Limit worksite meetings, inductions, and workgroups to groups of fewer than 10 individuals;
        • Require individuals to maintain six feet or more distance between them wherever possible;
        • Stagger work start and stop times where practicable to limit the number of individuals entering and leaving the worksite concurrently;
        • Identify congested and “high-risk areas,” including but not limited to lunchrooms, breakrooms, portable rest rooms, and elevators, and limit the number of individuals at those sites concurrently where practicable;
        • Stagger lunch breaks and work times where practicable to enable operations to safely continue while utilizing the least number of individuals possible at the site;
        • Require workers and visitors to wear cloth face coverings, in accordance with CDC recommendations, while on the premises, except where doing so would inhibit the individual’s health or the individual is under two years of age, and require workers to wear gloves while on the premises. Businesses must provide, at their expense, such face coverings and gloves for their employees. If a visitor refuses to wear a cloth face covering for non-medical reasons and if such covering cannot be provided to the individual by the business at the point of entry, then the business must decline entry to the individual. Nothing in the stated policy should prevent workers or visitors from wearing a surgical-grade mask or other more protective face covering if the individual is already in possession of such equipment, or if the businesses is otherwise required to provide such worker with more protective equipment due to the nature of the work involved. Where an individual declines to wear a face covering on the premises due to a medical condition that inhibits such usage, neither the business nor its staff shall require the individual to produce medical documentation verifying the stated condition;
        • Require infection control practices, such as regular hand washing, coughing and sneezing etiquette, and proper tissue usage and disposal;
        • Limit sharing of tools, equipment, and machinery;
        • Where running water is not available, provide portable washing stations with soap and/or alcohol-based hand sanitizers that have greater than 60% ethanol or 70% isopropanol;
        • Require frequent sanitization of high-touch areas like restrooms, breakrooms, equipment, and machinery;
        • When the worksite is an occupied residence, require workers to sanitize work areas and keep a distance of at least six feet from the occupants; and
        • Place conspicuous signage at entrances and throughout the worksite detailing the above mandates.

        Curbside Pickup at Non-Essential Retail Businesses:
        The Order also permits non-essential retail businesses to allow curbside pickup of goods, beginning at 6:00 a.m. on Monday, May 18, but businesses must continue to have their in-store operations closed to customers. Businesses who choose to offer curbside pickup must abide by the requirements in the Order, which include but are not limited to the following:

        • Customers shall not be permitted to enter the brick-and-mortar premises, but shall be permitted to pick up goods outside of the establishment that they have already ordered (“curbside pickup”);
        • In-store operations shall be limited, wherever feasible, to those employees who are responsible for the operations required for curbside pickup;
        • Customer transactions shall be handled in advance by phone, email, facsimile, or other means that avoid person-to-person contact, wherever feasible;
        • Customers shall notify the retailer by text message, email, or phone once they arrive, whenever feasible, or make best efforts to schedule their arrival time in advance. The customer shall be asked to remain in their vehicle, if arriving by car, until store staff delivers the purchase;
        • Designated employees shall bring goods outside of the retail establishment and place the goods directly in a customer’s vehicle whenever feasible;

        Retail businesses operating in shopping malls are permitted to operate by curbside pickup, in accordance with the other requirements, but staff must bring the goods to customers at the exterior of the mall. The indoor portions of shopping malls must remain closed.

        New Mexico State Documentation

        Relevant exemptions include:

        • Commercial and residential construction and maintenance
        • Plumbers and Electricians
        • Hardware stores, nurseries and businesses that generate most of their revenue from the sale of home-improvement goods
        • Manufacture of:
          • Chemicals
          • Sanitary products
          • Electrical equipment
          • Appliances

        5/28/2020 3:38 PM (ET)

        New York Forward Book
        Regional Monitoring Dashboard
        Phase 1: Construction Guidelines
        Phase 1: Retail Guidelines

        Executive Order No. 202.31

        On Wednesday, May 27 Governor Cuomo announced Long Island can now proceed with Phase 1 of reopening. This includes: manufacturing, construction, wholesale trade, and retail stores (for curbside pick-up only).

        May 22: Governor Cuomo announced his plans to allow the Mid-Hudson region and Long Island to move into Phase 1 reopening sometime next week. Long Island and the Mid-Hudson region are permitted to ramp up construction in anticipation of Phase I. New York City has met four of Gov. Cuomo’s seven criteria to reopen thus far. NYC is expected to follow Long Island and the Mid-Hudson region into Phase 1 in the near future, based on data by the State Health Department and the Governor’s office.

        May 14: Certain regions in New York are set to proceed with “Phase one” of reopening on Friday, May 15. These regions are mostly rural and upstate. The regions reopening with Phase 1 are: Long Island, Finger Lakes, Central New York, Mohawk Valley, Southern Tier and the North Country. Counties within include: Genesee, Livingston, Monroe, Ontario, Orleans, Seneca, Wayne, Wyoming, Yates Cayuga, Cortland, Madison, Onondaga, Oswego, Fulton, Herkimer, Montgomery, Oneida, Otsego, Schoharie, Broome, Chemung, Chenango, Delaware, Schuyler, Steuben, Tioga, Tompkins Clinton, Essex, Franklin, Hamilton, Jefferson, Lewis, and St. Lawrence.

        Phase 1 Reopening Includes:

        • Construction
        • Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing and Hunting
        • Retail - (Limited to curbside or in-store pickup or drop off)
        • Manufacturing
        • Wholesale Trade

        New York has outlined both mandatory and recommended actions for businesses to take. See New York’s overview for what you need to do to prepare your business for reopening at: https://forward.ny.gov/industries-reopening-phase

        On April 16th, our affiliate NESPA received the following communication from the Empire State Development Corporation:

        Businesses that provide “essential services necessary to maintain the safety, sanitation and essential operations of residences or other businesses” including general maintenance are deemed essential. While this does not explicitly mention service related to the opening and maintaining swimming pools, it would include any service to ensure the safety, sanitation and general operations of the residence or building.

        This communication appears to allow for not only the continued maintenance of pools and hot tubs that were already open, but now would allow for the opening of pools and hot tubs that are still currently winterized. This aligns with information provided by NESPA and PHTA that included the critical health and safety aspects of why opening pools and hot tubs are necessary in order to prevent dangerous situations, including the development of waterborne and mosquito borne diseases. Please note opening in this case is not meant to patrons, but is meant for the continued maintenance of public pools, and ability to use ones backyard pool or hot tub.

        FAQ for Companies Located or Operating in New York State (prepared by NESPA and PHTA)

        New York State Documentation

        Closes all places of employment except for non-essential services.

        Guidance has been issues defining essential services

        Request designation as an essential business

        FAQS

        For purposes of Executive Order 202.6, "Essential Business" means:

        3. Essential Manufacturing, including:

        • food processing, manufacturing agents, including all foods and beverages
        • chemicals
        • medical equipment/instruments
        • pharmaceuticals
        • sanitary products
        • telecommunications
        • microelectronics/semi-conductor
        • agriculture/farms
        • household paper products

        4. Essential Retail, including:

        • grocery stores including all food and beverage stores
        • pharmacies
        • convenience stores
        • farmer's markets
        • gas stations
        • restaurants/bars (but only for take-out/delivery)
        • hardware and building material stores

        5. Essential Services, including:

        • trash and recycling collection, processing and disposal
        • mail and shipping services
        • laundromats
        • building cleaning and maintenance
        • child care services
        • auto repair
        • warehouse/distribution and fulfillment
        • funeral homes, crematoriums and cemeteries
        • storage for essential businesses
        • animal shelters

        9. Construction, including:

        All non-essential construction must shut down except emergency construction, (e.g. a project necessary to protect health and safety of the occupants, or to continue a project if it would be unsafe to allow to remain undone until it is safe to shut the site).

        Essential construction may continue and includes roads, bridges, transit facilities, utilities, hospitals or health care facilities, affordable housing, and homeless shelters. At every site, if essential or emergency non-essential construction, this includes maintaining social distance, including for purposes of elevators/meals/entry and exit. Sites that cannot maintain distance and safety best practices must close and enforcement will be provided by the state in coordination with the city/local governments. This will include fines of up to $10,000 per violation.

        For purposes of this section construction work does not include a single worker, who is the sole employee/worker on a job site."

        11. Essential Services Necessary to Maintain the Safety, Sanitation and Essential Operations of Residences or Other Essential Businesses, Including:

        • law enforcement
        • fire prevention and response
        • building code enforcement
        • security
        • emergency management and response
        • building cleaners or janitors
        • general maintenance whether employed by the entity directly or a vendor
        • automotive repair
        • disinfection

        SUMMARY

        Essential services include:

        1. Hardware and Home Improvement Stores
        2. Building Cleaning and Maintenance
        3. Warehousing and Distribution
        4. Skilled trades such as plumbing and electric

        Nevada State Documentation

        Exempts

        • All businesses ad activities classified as essential by CISA (See California),

        Also specifically:

        • Hardware stores/plumbers/electricians and those who provide services necessary to maintaining the safety, sanitation, and essential operation of residences.

        NOTE THIS IS A SHELTER IN PLACE ORDER

        As per the state FAQs:

        • You cannot engage in group activities in person with others.
        • You cannot have dinner parties.
        • You cannot invite friends over to your home to hang out.
        • You cannot go to bars.
        • You cannot go to a nail salon or get your hair cut by a stylist or barber.
        • You cannot go shopping for non-essential goods.
        • You cannot take unnecessary trips on public transport or in your car or motorbike

        5/21/2020 4:48 PM (ET)

        Phase 2: Executive Order No. 141
        Frequently Asked Questions on Phase 2
        Phase 1: Executive Order No. 138
        North Carolina State Documentation

        On Wednesday May 20, Governor Cooper issued Executive Order No. 141 and announced Phase 2 to begin at 5:00pm on Friday, May 22, 2020 and remain in place until June 26, 2020, unless changed or cancelled. This order lifts the statewide Stay at Home Order and moves the state to a Safer At Home recommendation.

        Retail:
        All open retail businesses must:

        • Limit customers inside the store to Emergency Maximum Occupancy;
        • Mark six feet of spacing in lines at point of sale and in other high-traffic areas for customers, such as at deli counters and near high-demand products;
        • Post the Emergency Maximum Occupancy in a noticeable place;
        • Post signs reminding customers and workers about social distancing and requesting that people who have been sick with a fever and/or cough not enter;
        • Conduct daily symptom screening of workers, using a standard interview questionnaire of symptoms, before workers enter the workplace;
        • Immediately isolate and remove sick workers; and
        • Perform frequent and routine environmental cleaning and disinfection of high-touch areas with an EPA-approved disinfectant for SARS-CoV-2 (the virus that causes COVID-19).

        Retail businesses allowed to open in Phase 1 at 50% capacity will continue at that level. Some businesses will remain closed in Phase 2 including: bars; night clubs; gyms and indoor fitness facilities; indoor entertainment venues such as movie theaters, and bowling alleys.

        Relevant exemptions include

        • Businesses listed as essential by CISA (see California)
        • Construction, including Building and construction tradesmen and tradeswomen
        • Home improvement, hardware, building material, and building supply retailers;
        • Plumbers, electricians…and other service providers necessary to maintaining …the safety and sanitation or residences and other essential businesses
        • Manufacturers, suppliers and transporters of hardware, plumbing, ware, paint, electrical, chemicals, soaps and detergents
        • Manufacture, distribution and supply chain for chemicals and sanitation.

        5/21/2020 5:03 PM (ET)

        Ohio State Documentation
        Ohio State Documentation

        Number 9:
        Exempts essential infrastructure, which Includes construction, building management and waste, distribution centers. The term essential infrastructure is to be interpreted broadly.

        Number 12:
        Exempts:

        a.         “stores…that sell products necessary to maintaining the safety, sanitation, and essential operation of residences…..”

        j.          Hardware and home improvement

        k.         Critical trades including building and construction tradesmen and tradeswomen.

        Oregon State Documentation

        Does not prohibit construction, service or maintenance

        Where work from home is not possible, social distancing must be maintained.

        Must designate an employee or officer to develop policies.

        6/16/2020 5:50 PM (ET)

        Business Guidance

        Process to Reopen Pennsylvania

        Governor Wolf’s Reopening Guidance

        Governor Tom Wolf (D) announced that Dauphin, Franklin, Huntingdon, Luzerne, Monroe, Perry, Pike, and Schuylkill Counties are moving to the Green phase of the Governor's Process to Reopen Pennsylvania on June 19.

        For counties in the Green phase, the stay at home and business closure orders are lifted.

        Businesses that were operating at 50% capacity in the Yellow phase may increase to 75% capacity.

        Indoor recreation, health and wellness, entertainment (including casinos, theaters, and shopping malls), and bars and restaurants may resume operations at 50% capacity.

        Construction activity may resume at full capacity provided COVID-19 mitigation protocols remain in place.

        June 9: Governor Tom Wolf (D) and Secretary of Health Dr. Rachel Levine announced that Berks, Bucks, Chester, Delaware, Lackawanna, Lancaster, Lehigh, Northampton, Montgomery and Philadelphia Counties will be moving to the Yellow Phase of the Governor's Process to Reopen Pennsylvania on June 5. They also announced that Allegheny, Armstrong, Bedford, Blair, Butler, Cambria, Clinton, Fayette, Fulton, Greene, Indiana, Lycoming, Mercer, Somerset, Washington and Westmoreland Counties will be moving to the Green Phase of the Governor's Process to Reopen Pennsylvania on June 5.

        For counties in the yellow phase, the Governor's "Closure of All Businesses That Are Not Life Sustaining” order is suspended. This suspension does not apply to the following businesses: indoor recreation, health and wellness facilities and personal care services, and all entertainment.

        For counties in the Green phase, the stay at home and business closure orders are lifted. Businesses that were operating at 50% capacity in the Yellow phase may increase to 75% capacity.

        Construction activity may resume at full capacity provided COVID-19 mitigation protocols remain in place.

        On May 4, Governor Wolf issued further information in regard to his proposed phases of reopening for businesses in the Commonwealth.

        Retailers will be asked to limit customers to half of the store’s traditional maximum occupancy, require customers to wear masks, and to provide specific hours at least weekly for people considered at high-risk for COVID-19

        PHTA/NESPA Joint Letter to Gov. Wolf on April 29

        Governor Wolf’s Construction Guidance

        PHTA continues to work with NESPA to ensure all segments of our industry can work in the Commonwealth. As previously reported, pool and spa service/maintenance are allowed, and construction was able to start back on May 1.

        A joint letter was sent to Governor Wolf on April 29 outlining the importance of access to retailers and wholesalers, asking him to allow businesses that sell pool, hot tub and spa chemicals and other related products to be open for delivery and curbside pickup.

        On April 23, Pennsylvania Governor Tom Wolf issued guidance for all construction businesses and employees, in response to announcing construction in the Commonwealth may resume May 1. This guidance for new construction, renovation and repair work, must be followed in accordance with the Secretary of Health’s Order issued on April 15. The guidance stemmed from an amendment to the Governor’s original Order, which allows for private and public construction to resume in the state on Friday, May 1. Maintenance of swimming pools and hot tubs continue to be allowed. In conjunction with NESPA, PHTA continues to advocate to also allow pool and hot tub retail stores to be considered essential.

        Rhode Island State Documentation

        What follows are highlighted provisions from the Order:

        Staying at and Working from Home

        1. All Rhode Island residents are required to stay home unless traveling to work, traveling for medical treatment or obtaining necessities (food, medicine, gas, etc.). Rhode Island residents may still go outside to exercise and get fresh air, however, they must practice social distancing while outside and avoid touching surfaces frequently touched by others.
        2. Any Rhode Island employer with employees who live in other states shall use all means available to enable these employees to telecommute or make other work- from-home arrangements. This provision shall not apply to public health, public safety, or healthcare workers.

        Reducing the Size of Gatherings

        1. All gatherings of more than five (5) people in any public or private space such as an auditorium, stadium, arena, large conference room, meeting hall, library, theater, place of worship, parade, fair, festival, park or beach, are prohibited.

        Certain Retail Business Closures

        1. Effective Monday, March 30, 2020, all non-critical retail businesses shall cease in-person operations. Critical retail businesses include, but are not limited to, food and beverage stores (e.g., supermarkets, liquor, specialty food, and convenience stores, farmers’ markets, food banks and pantries), pharmacies and medical supply stores, compassion centers, pet supply stores, printing shops, mail and delivery stores and operations, gas stations, laundromats, electronics and telecommunications stores, office supply, industrial and agricultural/seafood equipment and supply stores, hardware stores, funeral homes, auto repair and supply, banks and credit unions, firearms stores, healthcare and public safety professional uniform stores, and other stores and businesses identified as critical by the Department of Business Regulation. Restaurants will be permitted to operate only for pickup, drive-through, and delivery in accordance with previous executive orders.

        Quarantine for All Travelers

        1. Any person coming to Rhode Island from another state for a non-work-related purpose must immediately self-quarantine for 14 days. This quarantine restriction shall not apply to public health, public safety, or healthcare workers. Executive Order 20-12 entitled “Tenth Supplemental Emergency Declaration – Quarantine Restrictions on Travelers from New York State” is hereby repealed in its entirety.
        2. Any person who lives in Rhode Island and works in another state who can work from home is required to do so. To the extent such a person cannot perform his or her functions via telework or other work from home arrangements, that person shall self-quarantine when not at work. This quarantine restriction shall not apply to public health, public safety, or healthcare workers.
        3. Instructions for self-quarantine can be found at the Rhode Island Department of Health website: https://health.ri.gov/diseases/ncov2019/

        Department of Business Regulation Guidance: https://dbr.ri.gov/documents/DBRCriticalRetailBusinessesList_04022020.pdf

        What follows are provisions from that Guidance:

        Please note: RETAIL business SELLS things. SERVICE businesses DO things. These restrictions are on RETAIL business in-person operations.

        The State of Rhode Island has not deemed ANY business essential or non-essential at this time. There are no documents or certifications to travel for businesses across state lines.

        Critical retail businesses include:

        • Food and beverage stores (e.g. supermarkets; liquor, specialty food, bodega and convenience stores; farmers’ markets; food banks and pantries)
        • Pharmacies and medical supply stores, compassion centers
        • Pet supply stores
        • Printing shops, mail and delivery stores and operations, office supply
        • Gas stations
        • Laundromats, Drycleaners
        • Electronics and telecommunications stores
        • Industrial, construction, agricultural/seafood equipment and supply stores, hardware stores, general power equipment
        • Funeral homes
        • Auto repair and supply
        • Banks and credit unions
        • Firearms stores
        • Healthcare and public safety professional uniform stores
        • And other stores and businesses identified as critical by the Department of Business Regulation.

        Non-critical retail businesses include: (if you can offer curbside pick-up or delivery you are encouraged to do so)

        • Arts & crafts stores
        • Florists
        • Furniture stores (by appointment only)
        • Car and other motor vehicle dealerships (except for auto repair and by appointment only)
        • Music stores
        • Billiard stores
        • Sporting goods stores
        • Home furnishings stores
        • Book stores
        • Departments stores
        • Gift stores
        • Beauty supply stores
        • Second-hand/consignment stores
        • Shoe stores
        • Clothing stores
        • Jewelry stores
        • Bike shops (service and repair is permitted)
        • Pool Stores (service and repair is permitted)
        • Landscape & Garden centers (Commercial clients: By appointment only, pick up and delivery permitted. Regular customers: pick up and delivery only)

        Additional guidance:

        • Restaurants and bars may continue to operate only for pickup, drive-through, and delivery as per the Governor’s Executive Order 20-04.
        • All critical retail employers are required to implement social distancing and to work from home to the extent possible.
        • Financial services offered by pawn shops and payday lenders would be allowed to continue. In-person retail at pawn shops would be considered non-critical and closed.
        • For stores that are mixed retail and service, general retail with customers coming in and out of your store is not permitted.
        • For non-critical retail stores, although in-person retail sales are not allowed, retailers may continue to receive and ship orders made by phone or online.

        We have received an enormous amount of inquiries for these SERVICE based businesses. At this time, the following businesses are permitted to be open:

        • Dog Groomers, dog day care, dog walkers
        • All construction related activities
        • Self storage
        • Marinas
        • Car washes

        Per the Executive Order, businesses not identified on the Non-Essential Businesses List must limit the number of customers allowed to enter and simultaneously occupy the premises so as not to exceed five customers per 1,000 square feet of retail space, or 20% of the occupancy limit as determined by the fire marshal, whichever is less. Businesses must not knowingly allow customers to congregate within six feet of one another, exclusive of family units. Businesses must also implement all reasonable steps to comply with sanitation guidelines of the CDC, DHEC or any other state and federal public health officials.

        Swimming Pool and Hot Tub maintenance/repair, construction, retail, distribution and manufacturing are considered essential, as they are not included in the list of non-essential businesses provided at https://www.sccommerce.com/covid-19-non-essential-business-guidelines  The order does require commercial pools and spas to close to patrons but maintaining them should still be allowed.

        5/20/2020 4:15 PM (ET)

        Executive Order No. 30

        Construction Guidelines

        Manufacturing Guidelines

        Retail Guidelines

        Tennessee State Documentation

        On April 29, Governor Lee issued Executive Order No. 30. The Order alleviates restrictions on businesses that were previously non-essential. Guidance has been provided for those specializing in Manufacturing, Retail, and Construction. E.O. No. 30 states the following regarding gathering and reopening of businesses in Tennessee:

        1. Return to work: Persons are encouraged and permitted to return to work consistent with the provisions of this Order and while following the Health Guidelines to the greatest extent practicable; provided, that all employers and businesses are strongly urged to take steps to the greatest extent practicable to equip, encourage, allow, or require employees to work remotely or via telework from home.
        2. Social gathering of ten (IO) or more remain prohibited. Persons in the State of Tennessee shall not participate in social or recreational gatherings of ten (10) or more people. Social and recreational gatherings include, but are not limited to, festivals, fairs, parades, youth and adult sporting events, overnight summer youth camps, and other types of social or recreational assemblies or gatherings.

        Businesses should follow Health Guidelines and ERG Guidelines outlined in Executive Order No. 30.

        Close-contact businesses are now also allowed to operate but must follow strict guidance outlined in Executive Order No. 33 from May 5.

        Relevant exemptions include:

        • All activities identified by CISA 2.0, including contractors, builders, plumbers, electricians and landscapers and other services necessary to maintaining …safety and sanitation... of residences,
        • construction-related services, including, but not limited to, construction required in response to this public health emergency, hospital construction, construction of long-term care facilities, public works construction, school construction, construction related to Essential Activity or Essential Services, and housing construction;
        • Hardware and Supply Stores. This includes, but is not limited to: Hardware stores and businesses that sell electrical, plumbing, and heating materials;
        • building and construction tradesmen and tradeswomen and other trades, including, but not limited to, plumbers, electricians,
        • Supply, distribution and manufacturing for essential businesses

        6/8/2020 4:48 PM (ET)

        Executive Order Ga-26 (June 3)
        May 12 Executive Order
        May 6 Order Expanding Openings of Certain Businesses and Activities
        Texas Back to Work Task Force

        June 3: Governor Abbott issued Executive Order Ga-26, which provides for Phase III of Texas’ reopening.

        The order provides that all business establishments in Texas may operate at no more than 50% capacity, except as follows:

        There is no occupancy limit for: (1) Services listed by the United States Department of Homeland Security's Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency in its guidance on the Essential Critical Infrastructure, Version 3.1 or later; (2) Religious services; (3) Local government operations including those operations related to licensing, permitting, recordation, and document-filing; (4) Child-care services; (5) Youth camps.

        The 50% occupancy limit does not apply to outdoor areas, events, or establishments, except that owners of the following may operate at no more than 50% of normal operating limits as determined by the owner: (1) Professional, collegiate, or similar sporting events; (2) Swimming pools; (3) Water parks; (4) Libraries; (5) Zoos, aquariums, natural caverns, and similar facilities; (6) Rodeos and equestrian events.

        Governor Abbott’s PHASE ONE is set to begin on May 1st and will allow retail stores, restaurants, movie theaters, and malls to open-up with a restriction that they operate at up to 25% of their occupancy capacity.

        PHASE TWO: In order to move into Phase Two, the state must have at least two weeks of data to ensure that there is no new surge or rebound in the number of cases occurring after the implementation of Phase One.

        NON-ESSENTIAL MANUFACTURING
        Effective May 18, Texas manufacturers of all sizes who are not otherwise designated “essential” via CISA guidance may reopen on May 18th at 25% capacity. All must utilize all safety protocols (e.g. sanitization, social distancing) and staggered staffing to avoid heavy foot-traffic through entry/exit points, common areas, etc.

        LARGE OFFICE BUILDINGS
        Beginning May 18th, businesses operating out of office buildings can reopen. Business with five or fewer employees may operate at full capacity (utilizing social distancing). Businesses with six or more employees must operate at 25% capacity. Also effective May 18th, all gyms will be allowed to reopen at 25% capacity limit but must follow social distancing guidelines.

        Relevant exemptions include:

        • All activities identified by CISA 2.0, including
          • contractors, builders, plumbers, electricians and landscapers and other services necessary to maintaining …safety and sanitation... of residences,
          • Workers who produce or manufacture parts or equipment that supports continued operations for any essential services
          • Workers who support the supply chain of building materials from production through application/installation, including cabinetry, fixtures, doors, cement, hardware, plumbing, electrical, heating/cooling, refrigeration, appliances, paint/coatings, and employees who provide services that enable repair materials and equipment for essential functions.
          • Workers supporting ecommerce through distribution, warehouse, call center facilities, and other essential operational support functions.
          • Workers in hardware and building materials stores, consumer electronics, technology and appliances retail, and related merchant wholesalers and distributors - with reduced staff to ensure continued operations.
          • Workers distributing, servicing, repairing, installing residential and commercial HVAC systems, boilers, furnaces and other heating, cooling, refrigeration, and ventilation equipment.

        5/19/2020 5:58 PM (ET)

        May 15 Addendum 14 to Executive Order 01-20

        3.1 Manufacturing, Construction, and Distribution Operations:

        Manufacturing, construction, and distribution operations that ceased operations for more than seven days during the state of emergency may restart with as few employees as necessary to permit full operations while maintaining compliance with the mandatory health and safety requirements above, and:

        Interior residential construction may occur in uninhabited structures, adhering to social distancing standards, with the minimum workers necessary while workers maintain social distance between them whenever possible.

        5.1 Retail Operations: (Effective May 18, 2020)

        Non-essential retail operations are limited to 25% (twenty-five percent) of approved fire safety occupancy; or 1 customer per 200 square feet; or 10 total customers and staff combined, whichever is greater.  Operators must POST their temporary occupancy limit, and which method was used to determine it, prominently on all entrances. Posting templates are available at accd.vermont.gov.

        Cashless/touch-less transactions are strongly preferred.

        Curbside pickup remains the preferred method of operation.  When possible, retailers should take steps to schedule or stage customer visits, such as waiting in cars or outside, to ensure lower contact operations.

        Yard sales and garage sales may occur at private residences with 10 or fewer people present at any one time.

        All businesses must follow Vermont Department of Health and CDC guidelines:  

        • Employees shall not report to, or be allowed to remain at, work or job site if sick or symptomatic (fever, cough, shortness of breath or difficulty breathing, chills, repeated shaking with chills, muscle pain, sore throat, new loss of taste or smell).   
        • Employees must observe strict social distancing of 6 feet while on the job.  Businesses and non-profit or government entities shall ensure customers observe strict social distancing of 6 feet while on location, to the extent possible. 
        • Limit the occupancy of designated common areas, such as break rooms and cafeterias, so that occupants maintain strict social distancing of no less than 6 feet per individual. The employer shall enforce the occupancy limit and require employees to wipe down their area after use or shall ensure cleaning of the common areas at regular intervals throughout the day.   
        • Employees must wear face coverings over their nose and mouth when in the presence of others. In the case of retail cashiers, a translucent shield or “sneeze guard” is acceptable in lieu of a mask. Businesses and non-profit and government entities may require customers or clients to wear masks.    
        • Employees must have easy and frequent access to soap and water or hand sanitizer during duration of work, and handwashing or hand sanitization is required frequently including before entering, and leaving, job sites.   
        • All common spaces (when open) and equipment, including bathrooms, frequently touched surfaces and doors, tools and equipment, and vehicles must be cleaned regularly and, when possible, prior to transfer from one person to another, in accordance with CDC guidance.  
        • Prior to the commencement of each work shift, pre-screening and health survey shall be required to verify each employee has no symptoms of respiratory illness (fever, cough, shortness of breath or difficulty breathing, chills, repeated shaking with chills, muscle pain, sore throat, new loss of taste or smell). At the present time non-contact thermometers are in short supply, however employers shall immediately order, and use their best efforts to obtain, thermometers in order to conduct routine temperature checks.   
        • Signs must be posted at all entrances clearly indicating that no one may enter if they have symptoms of respiratory illness. 
        • When working inside, open doors and windows to promote air flow to the greatest extent possible and limit the number of people occupying a single indoor space.  
        • No more than 2 people shall occupy one vehicle when conducting work. 
        • No symptomatic or COVID-19 positive workers are allowed on site and any worker(s) who have contact with a worker or any other person who is diagnosed with COVID-19 are required to quarantine for 14 days.  
        • All operations shall designate a health officer on-site at every shift responsible for ensuring compliance with the Executive Order and the Addenda thereto and applicable ACCD Guidance.  This person shall have the authority to stop or modify activities to ensure work conforms with the mandatory health and safety requirements. 
        • All business, non-profit and government operations must use remote work whenever possible.  
        • All employees, including those already working (except healthcare workers, first responders, and others already trained in infection control, personal protection/universal precautions), must complete, and employers must document, a training on mandatory health and safety requirements as provided by VOSHA, or another training program that meets or exceeds the VOSHA-provided standard. Employers who need translations of the training have one week from the release of the translated training to complete this requirement. 
        • All businesses that have been closed for 7 or more days during the state of emergency must complete and keep on file a reopening and training plan (businesses with fewer than 10 employees at any physical location are not required to create such a plan, however, they must follow all other guidelines and employees must take the VOSHA training). VOSHA and the Agency of Commerce and Community Development have provided a template at accd.vermont.gov/covid-19/business/restart

        The plan must, at a minimum:

        • Adopt a phased approach to reopening which provides sufficient opportunity to operate first in a low density and low contact environment before making the incremental changes needed to accommodate more moderate density activity while?continuing to maintain health and safety. 
        • Update physical and administrative safety systems to accommodate COVID-19?VDH/CDC/VOSHA guidelines, health monitoring, including temperature checks, cleaning and sanitizing methods and physical distancing measures. 
        • Take appropriate measures to protect employees at greater risk of contact by virtue of their occupational role or setting. 
        • Businesses with fewer than 10 employees at any physical location are not required to create such a plan, however, they must follow all other health and safety guidelines above including taking VOSHA training.

        6/16/2020 6:05 PM (ET)

        6/2/2020 Executive Order
        6/2/2020 Press Release
        Forward Virginia Blueprint
        Phase 1 FAQs
        Phase 1: Business Sector Guidelines
        Virginia State Documentation

        Executive Order No. 65 now allows Northern Virginia Region and the City of Richmond to enter into Phase Two.

        Outdoor and indoor swimming pools may be open for lap swimming, diving, exercise, and instruction only and must be limited to no more than three persons per lane with ten feet of physical distance per swimmer. Hot tubs, spas, splash pads, spray pools, and interactive play features must remain closed.

        Essential Retail Business
        The following may remain open during their normal business hours while still complying with Business Guidances:

        1. Grocery stores, pharmacies, and other retailers that sell food and beverage products or pharmacy products, including dollar stores, and department stores with grocery or pharmacy operations;
        2. Medical, laboratory, and vision supply retailers;
        3. Electronic retailers that sell or service cell phones, computers, tablets, and other communications technology;
        4. Automotive parts, accessories, and tire retailers as well as automotive repair facilities;
        5. Home improvement, hardware, building material, and building supply retailers;
        6. Lawn and garden equipment retailers;
        7. Beer, wine, and liquor stores;
        8. Retail functions of gas stations and convenience stores;
        9. Retail located within healthcare facilities;
        10. Banks and other financial institutions with retail functions;
        11. Pet and feed stores;
        12. Printing and office supply stores; and
        13. Laundromats and dry cleaners.

        Governor Ralph Northam’s guidelines for reopening Virginia is a three-phase plan. Phase 1, “safer at home” was implemented on May 15, 2020. Phase 1 will last at least 2 weeks. On May 13, 2020, Governor Northam announced that Virginia will move into Phase One of the "Forward Virginia" plan on Friday, May 15, with the exception of certain localities in Northern Virginia. Northern Virginia will delay reopening likely until May 29, 2020.

        Under Phase 1:

        • Non-Essential Retail can operate at 50% capacity.
        • Fitness centers: Limited to outdoor classes with limitations
        • Swimming pools, except for those at state parks and in Northern VA, can operate for lap swimming only- limited to one person per lane.

        Non-essential retail businesses must limit their operations to ten patrons or less with adequate social distancing. If they cannot limit their operations to 10 patrons or less with adequate social distancing, then they must close

        Essential businesses include

        • Home improvement
        • Hardware
        • building material
        • building supply retailers

        Washington State Documentation

        Relevant exemptions include:

        • Workers such as plumbers, electricians, exterminators, and other service providers who provide services that are necessary to maintaining the safety, sanitation, and essential operation of residences.
        • Construction workers who support the construction, operation, inspection, and maintenance of construction sites and construction projects (including housing construction) for all essential facilities, services and projects included in this document, and for residential construction related to emergency repairs and projects that ensure structural integrity.
        • Workers such as plumbers, electricians, exterminators, and other service providers who provide services that are necessary to maintaining the safety, sanitation, and essential operation of construction sites and construction projects
        • Commercial Retail Stores, that supply essential sectors, including convenience stores, pet supply stores, auto supplies and repair, hardware and home improvement, garden stores and nurseries that support food cultivation and production, office supply stores that support working-from home, and home appliance retailers.

        West Virginia State Documentation

        Exempts:

        • All businesses ad activities classified as essential by CISA (See California),

        Also specifically:

        • Manufacturing companies, distributor and supply chain companies providing ….chemicals, sanitization, steel…aluminum….
        • Essential Infrastructure such as Construction
        • Stores that sell products necessary to maintaining the safety, sanitation and essential operation of residences
        • Hardware stores and stores that sell construction, electrical, plumbing and heating equipment
        • Building and construction tradesmen and tradeswomen

        On April 16, 2020, Governor Evers issued Emergency Order #28 extending the closure of Nonessential Wisconsin businesses until 8:00 a.m., Tuesday, May 26, 2020, and updating the operational requirements and allowances for some Essential Businesses. View this FAQs document for answers to frequently asked questions related to the Governor’s Order.

        Further, PHTA Midwest Chapter and National GR Staff received correspondence from Jennifer Campbell, Chief Legal Counsel for the Wisconsin Economic Development Corporation that adjusted the guidance previously given to clearly allow for the following:

        • In-process construction
        • Pool maintenance (noted as pool cleaning services on page 17 of the above FAQ document, which also noted optional or aesthetic pool maintenance should be avoided)
        • Retail sales of supplies and parts

        Wisconsin State Documentation

        Relevant exemptions include:

        • All businesses ad activities classified as essential by CISA (See California),
        • Hardware and supplies stores. Hardware stores and businesses that sell electrical, plumbing, heating, and construction material.
        • Critical trades. Building and Construction Tradesmen and Tradeswomen, and other trades including but not limited to plumbers, electricians, carpenters, laborers, sheet metal, iron workers, masonry, pipe trades, fabricators, finishers, exterminators, pesticide application, cleaning and janitorial staff for commercial and governmental properties, security staff, operating engineers, HVAC, painting, moving and relocation services, forestry and arborists, and other service providers who provide services that are necessary to maintaining the safety, sanitation, and essential operation of residences, Essential Activities, Essential Governmental Functions, and Essential Businesses and Operations.
        • Supplies for Essential Businesses and Operations and Essential Governmental Functions. Businesses that sell, manufacture, or supply other Essential Businesses and Operations and Essential Governmental Functions with the support or supplies necessary to operate, including computers; audio and video electronics; household appliances; IT and telecommunication equipment; hardware; paint; flat glass; electrical, plumbing, and heating materials; construction materials and equipment; sanitary equipment; personal hygiene products; food, food additives, ingredients, and components; medical and orthopedic equipment; firearm and ammunition suppliers and retailers for purposes of safety and security; optics and photography equipment; diagnostic; food and beverages; chemicals;
        • Manufacture, distribution, and supply chain for critical products and industries. Manufacturing companies, distributors, and supply chain companies producing and supplying essential products and services in and for industries such as pharmaceutical, technology, biotechnology, healthcare, chemicals and sanitation, waste pickup and disposal, agriculture, food and beverage, transportation, energy, steel and steel products, petroleum and fuel, mining, construction, national defense, communications, and products used by other Essential Governmental Functions and Essential Businesses and Operations